Designing Climate-linked Social Protection in Asia-Pacific CitiesPublished on 03 Mar 2014
As the Asia-Pacific region continues to rapidly urbanize, many of the region’s development challenges – job creation and poverty reduction, governance and access to services, and environmental sustainability – will be increasingly focused in its cities. The region’s urban centres hold the key to a sustainable and inclusive future, with the dual challenge of supporting the urban poor and responding to climate change. While climate change presents numerous shortcomings in the urban context, impacts are expected to hit those living in poverty the hardest.
The briefs bring forward some of the critical issues from ten municipal government representatives from the region discussed at a joint workshop on ‘Climate Change and Pro-Poor Urban Governance’ in October 2012. Building on the discussion at the workshop, the issue brief series aims to (i) highlight the key linkages between the issues of climate change and inclusive and sustainable urbanization; (ii) provide references for policy makers, practitioners and other relevant stakeholders with the view to facilitate ongoing discussion on how to develop climate change response strategies that are pro-poor and inclusive; and (iii) encourage the exchange of knowledge and experiences within the Asia-Pacific region.
- Social protection is an important instrument to address multi-dimensional poverty and social and economic vulnerabilities.
- The urban and rural poor face different challenges and vulnerabilities, which require context-specific social protection policies and programmes.
- Effective social protection policies and programmes need to build long-term climate resilience in order to address the multiple risks and vulnerabilities faced by the poor and vulnerable, particularly in the urban context.
- Formulation and implementation of climate-linked social protection in the urban context require a rigorous evidence-base and improved understanding of the linkage between climate resilience and social protection.