Country Briefs on SDG Integration into Planning
How are countries moving ahead the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs? A series of briefs produced by UNDP shares good experiences about how governments are integrating the SDGs into their planning systems. Some highlights from case studies in six countries in Asia:
- Bangladesh estimated the costs of reaching the SDGs by 2030. Between now and 2030, US$928 billion will be needed for Bangladesh to achieve the SDGs, equivalent to 18.5-20 percent of its GDP annually.
- The state of Assam in north-eastern India is the first in the country to produce a SDG-oriented state budget in the fiscal year 2016/17 – budget which shows how much will be allocated to which goal. Overall, the biggest allocations are made to SDG 10 (inequality), SDG 4 (education), SDG 3 (health) and SDG 1 (poverty).
- In Indonesia, the private sector and philanthropic foundations are actively engaged in a movement to achieve the SDGs. The government of Riau province is getting support from the Tanoto Foundation and UNDP to localize the SDGs – to determine which goals and targets matter for people in the province and to orient local development plans to achieve them.
- Malaysia has innovative practices of engaging “the whole of society” in designing and implementing public interest projects – where government, private sector and civil society work alongside each other. These practices are a good model for collaboration to achieve the SDGs.
- In Nepal, the government did an inventory of 484 projects and programmes to classify the budget by the SDGs. Over half of the government budget is allocated towards SDG 9 (infrastructure) and SDG 11 (cities and settlements).
- The Philippines government has planning, budgeting and civil servant performance evaluation systems geared towards results – goals important for people, rather than internal organizational goals. The government is now using SDGs as a criteria for allocating fiscal resources to programmes.