What will happen to Millennium Development Goal 8?
Asia-Pacific experts examine new Global Partnership for Development
A new development agenda is taking shape as the Millennium Development Goals reach their target year 2015. Focus now turns to how the new global goals will be carried out. What partnerships will be needed for a sustainable planet? Which resources will developing countries need to implement the new development agenda? What will be the future for Goal 8, the goal on global partnership for development?
Top development thinkers convened in New York, in December to debate practical solutions to persistent development challenges that countries in the Asia-Pacific region will face in the post-2015 development era.
Chaired by renowned journalist Nisha Pillai, the eminent panel of experts included: Mr. Martin Khor, Executive Director of the South Centre, Geneva; Dr. Debaprya Bhattacharya, Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Policy Dialogue Chair of Southern Voice on Post-MDG International Development Goals, Bangladesh; Prof. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Professor of International Affairs at The New School in New York; and Prof. Atul Kohli, Professor of International Affairs and Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University.
The experts discussed new partnerships and the means that will be required for tackling rising inequality, slowing the emerging stresses on the environment and addressing chronic poverty.
The panel agreed on the need for a new goal on global partnership for development, one that would succeed Goal 8. They suggested that elements of the global partnerships should be incorporated into each of the sustainable development goals.
The successor of Goal 8 could be articulated around a few key issues. First, new international institutions of global governance are needed, with substantive reforms of the old ones. Second, the new goal needs to include the means of implementing Sustainable Development Goals, including through finance and technology. Finally, it should be based on the precept that national policies of developed countries are supportive of developing countries.
Participants discussed the role of Overseas Development Assistance and its continued relevance, particularly for Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries. They noted, however, that the post 2015 development agenda calls for global and regional partnerships that can mobilize additional financial resources, including from domestic sources. Without crowding out ODA, South-South Cooperation has become an increasingly important part of the global partnership for development and a great potential for technology transfer.
This high level event was jointly organized by the United Nations Development Group in Asia and the Pacific in conjunction with the 6th session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals. The expert panel provided perspectives from Asia and the Pacific on a range of themes, all centred on creating and nurturing the right kind of financing, partnerships, and global cooperation to make a new development agenda a reality. The aim of these ongoing discussions is to inform the Open Working Group as it deliberates on these issues and proposes a set of Sustainable Development Goals to succeed the MDGs.