Manila Coalition of Vulnerable Nations Raise Level of Ambition for Paris Climate AgreementNov 12, 2015
Climate Vulnerable Forum Issues The Manila Communiqué
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
• Expanding forum of 43 nations representing one billion climate vulnerable people globally
• Vulnerable nations to strengthen national climate actions to trigger commitments from all
• 2 new nations reinforce call for Paris to agree 1.5oC goal now supported by 106 countries
• Call for new culture of international partnership on finance, capacity, technology
Manila – 11 November 2015: Representatives from 43 nations across the world have called for world leaders to agree on a universal, legally-binding, and durable agreement at the COP21 climate change conference to be held in Paris later this month, reiterating the need to cap a long term rise in global temperatures to 1.5 degrees.
The 20-member Climate Vulnerable Forum together with 23 incoming members from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, the Middle East, and the Pacific met in Manila this week and agreed to move unitedly to strengthen their collaboration and domestic climate action to trigger increased commitments from all countries and seize the COP21 opportunity for a climate-secure framework to keep warming below 1.5oC.
The call was articulated in the ‘The Manila Communique’ released today by the 43 nations to end the three-day meeting jointly hosted by the Climate Change Commission and the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, with support from the United Nations Development Programme, in Manila from 9-11 November.
The Manila Communique called for the Paris climate change agreement to enshrine the critical goal of below 1.5oC together with a successive five-year commitment cycle to ensure mitigation action of all countries through the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Following the Manila CVF meeting, the 1.5oC goal is now supported by 106 nations, in addition to hundreds of civil society groups, as emphasized by the CVF #1o5C campaign (www.1o5C.org).
The Communique highlights the vulnerability of more than 1 billion people living in countries represented in Manila and already suffering serious consequences even at just a global warming temperature of 0.85oC.
UN Assistant Secretary General and UNDP Director for Asia and the Pacific, Haoliang Xu, spoke about the progress many countries vulnerable to climate change have already made to adapt to the impacts of rising sea levels, weather variability and increased frequency of extreme weather events.
“The conference has made a truly valuable contribution to push for greater ambition, such as through your call to strengthen the long-term goal to 1.5C. Despite the constraints and challenges your countries have made remarkable advances, whether it’s in renewable energy diffusions, community based adaptation or otherwise, you have time and again shattered preconceived notions about what is possible in the fight against climate change. We commend your collective leadership and are honored to host the Secretariat of the CVF as well as the newly formed V20,” Mr Xu said.
“Our vulnerable nations are the ground zero in the global struggle against climate change. Meeting here in Manila we shine a light on the grave dangers we face but also our achievements in addressing climate change and the benefits this is bringing us,” said Joyceline Goco, Acting Executive Director of the Climate Change Office who chaired the Manila CVF meeting together with Costa Rica and Bangladesh.
The Manila Communique calls for an ambitious, universal, legally-binding, dynamic, and durable international agreement at COP21 conference expected to conclude the Paris accord and also decide on the strengthening of the long-term 2 degrees goal to 1.5 degrees.
The communique also called for an agreement to confirm an international mechanism on loss and damage, building on the Warsaw International Mechanism; ensure protection of human rights; improved access to climate finance; ensuring a 50:50 balance for international climate finance between adaptation and mitigation; for enhanced technology development and cooperation to foster innovation, diffusion and deployment; and for accelerated capacity development for pro-active climate action including the integrations of climate change into development.
Dr. Saleemul Huq, Director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development and Chair of the Forum’s Expert Advisor’s Group further commented that: “The 1.5C goal is tough but achievable. Many countries are emphasizing that a 2 degrees goal is a more feasible target. But 1.5C is also the right moral decision. The vulnerable nations are insisting that the Paris climate summit takes that right moral decision for humanity.”
In addition to the 43 existing and incoming members of the CVF, the gathering also involved observers, including France, Germany and other nations, as well as international and civil society organizations and international experts.
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