SDG 14
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The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counter balance the effects of climate change.

Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, reaching below the level at which they can produce sustainable yields.

Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometre of ocean.

The SDGs aim to sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems from pollution, as well as address the impacts of ocean acidification. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of the challenges facing our oceans. 

GOALS IN ACTION

UNDP in India

People and the sea: Finding a sustainable balance 

India is the second-largest producer of fish in the world and is putting a demand on fish supplies that is 2-3 times greater than the oceans can support over time. At this rate, fish catch in tropical areas is expected to decline 40 percent by 2050. MORE >

UNDP in Maldives

Save our ocean

What did school-goers learn about in their marine ecosystem snorkel session? Have a look on this and more in this cool video on the “Save Our Oceans” Event organized by Save the Beach And UNDP Maldives recently! MORE >

UNDP in India

Saving the World's Largest Fish

Watch how local fishing communities are coming together to conserve whale sharks in the east coast of India, and contributing to conserving the rich marine life of the area. MORE >

UNDP in Cambodia

Connect with nature and free your mind

When was the last time you connected with the natural world? Perhaps you live in the city and it may have been a while since you last walked through a forest or swam in a lake. It is all too easy in an increasingly urban world to live without actually touching or feeling the natural world. And if we don’t, and we become increasingly detached from nature, there is a danger we start to care less. A slow disconnect is almost imperceptible, and all the more dangerous for that.MORE >

UNDP in China

Cleaning Out the HCFCs

In 2011, China initiated the first stage of an initiative to phase out HCFCs, a chemical commonly used in the solvent industry that is highly destructive to the ozone layer. Since then, with continued guidance from UNDP, the medical devices, electronics and metals sectors have made great reductions in their use of HCFCs. These changes have contributed significantly to efforts to protect the environment and fight climate change, laid out under the Montreal Protocol. The initiative now moves into its second phase. MORE >

UNDP in Viet Nam

Local knowledge: A key factor of success for natural forest protection

An effort by the UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme to protect medicinal plants and natural forests in My Phuong commune, Bac Kan province. MORE >

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