Over the past 25 years the number of workers living in extreme poverty has declined dramatically, despite the lasting impact of the 2008 economic crisis and global recession. In developing countries, the middle class now makes up more than 34 percent of total employment – a number that has almost tripled between 1991 and 2015.
However, as the global economy continues to recover we are seeing slower growth, widening inequalities, and not enough jobs to keep up with a growing labour force. According to the International Labour Organization, more than 204 million people were unemployed in 2015.
The SDGs promote sustained economic growth, higher levels of productivity and technological innovation. Encouraging entrepreneurship and job creation are key to this, as are effective measures to eradicate forced labour, slavery and human trafficking. With these targets in mind, the goal is to achieve full and productive employment, and decent work, for all women and men by 2030.
Goals in action
‘Shopping’, or community harvesting of non-timber forest products in the dry forests of Southern Lao PDR is a natural part of life for rural communities who have been coexisting with these dry forest for hundreds of years. MORE >
At a Career Guidance and Counselling Centre set up with SEWA Bharat under the Disha project, Deepika discovered that even as a class 10th graduate, she could enrol in a hotel management course. Now, Deepika is pursuing her dream of becoming a chef. Over the last year, 10,000 young girls like Deepika have benefitted from such services. MORE >
The youth unemployment rate in Samoa stands high today at 16.4%. Helping youth overcome the barriers they face to secure a job, earn a decent income and make sure that they fulfil their potential is a priority for the people and Government of Samoa. MORE >
East Nusa Tenggara is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia. Less than 60% of the population have access to electricity. A partnership between UNDP Indonesia and Bank NTT managed to support the initiative by civil society organizations to build micro-hydro power plants—a sustainable solution to the local needs. MORE >
The UNDP has been working with the Government of Indonesia under the UN’s Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) scheme, funded by the Norwegian government, to tackle deforestation by improving livelihoods around the forests. MORE >
UNDP provided equipment and training for 47 of the women to set up a small business producing pickles, spices, jams and spaghetti. MORE >
There is good reason to be optimistic for Cambodia’s future. Robust growth has resulted in rapidly increasing well-being for many, as Cambodia trades with the world and welcomes millions of tourists each year. And recently the country successfully hosted the World Economic Forum on ASEAN, demonstrating that it is well on its way to being an important regional player.MORE >
After Half a Life of Working in UNDP, Farida has Seen a lot, Learned a lot and Helped a lot of People
Farida Alam is UNDP Afghanistan’s longest-serving member of staff. She’s been with us for 25 years – a period in which Afghanistan and UNDP have seen astonishing changes. MORE >