Goal 1: No poverty

Eradicating poverty in all its forms remains one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. While the number of people living in extreme poverty dropped by more than half between 1990 and 2015, too many are still struggling for the most basic human needs.

As of 2015, about 736 million people still lived on less than US$1.90 a day; many lack food, clean drinking water and sanitation. Rapid growth in countries such as China and India has lifted millions out of poverty, but progress has been uneven. Women are more likely to be poor than men because they have less paid work, education, and own less property.

Progress has also been limited in other regions, such as South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, which account for 80 percent of those living in extreme poverty. New threats brought on by climate change, conflict and food insecurity, mean even more work is needed to bring people out of poverty.

The SDGs are a bold commitment to finish what we started, and end poverty in all forms and dimensions by 2030. This involves targeting the most vulnerable, increasing basic resources and services, and supporting communities affected by conflict and climate-related disasters.

Facts and figures

736 million

736 million people still live in extreme poverty.

10%

10 percent of the world’s population live in extreme poverty, down from 36 percent in 1990.

1.3 billion

Some 1.3 billion people live in multidimensional poverty.

50%

Half of all people living in poverty are under 18.

1 in 10

One person in every 10 is extremely poor.

80%

80 percent of people living on less than $1.90 are in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions

  • Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable

  • By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

  • By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

  • Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

  • Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions
SDG 1SDG 2SDG 3SDG 4SDG 5SDG 6SDG 7SDG 8SDG 9SDG 10SDG 11SDG 12SDG 13SDG 14SDG 15SDG 16SDG 17
Goals in action
SDG 1 SDG 13 SDG 14 SDG 15

Improving the health of Southeast Asia's largest lake

Tonle Sap in Cambodia is a key habitat for freshwater fish and many endangered species.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 3 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 11 SDG 15

The far-reaching falllout of COVID-19

At this year's Photoville exhibit in New York City, UNDP showcases the work of eight leading photographers as they document the effects of a pandemic.…

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 8 SDG 13 SDG 15 SDG 17

Giving vulnerable Bangladeshis the resources to cope with climate change

A densely populated, low-lying country dominated by floodplains, the country is exceptionally vulnerable to extreme weather.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 5 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 13 SDG 17

Turning up Afghanistan's solar power capacity

Solar mini-grids to provide cheap and reliable electricity.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 5 SDG 8 SDG 10

Meaningful work for those on the margins of poverty

A programme in Nepal helps struggling informal workers.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 13 SDG 15 SDG 17

"It's my bank for my children's future."

Restoring small farms and forests in Samoa.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 8 SDG 11 SDG 17

New skills for Sri Lankans recovering from conflict

UNDP programme focuses on teaching employable skills and business development.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 17

The women who want to be free

Widening educational and employment opportunities for Afghan women.

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 13 SDG 14 SDG 15

Powering change in Vanuatu

A tiny South Pacific island gets a new lease on life with solar energy.

more ›

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Asia and the Pacific 
Go to UNDP Global