Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy

Between 2000 and 2016, the number of people with electricity increased from 78 to 87 percent, and the numbers without electricity dipped to just below one billion.

Yet as the population continues to grow, so will the demand for cheap energy, and an economy reliant on fossil fuels is creating drastic changes to our climate.

Investing in solar, wind and thermal power, improving energy productivity, and ensuring energy for all is vital if we are to achieve SDG 7 by 2030.

Expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean and more efficient energy in all countries will encourage growth and help the environment.  

Facts and figures

1 in 7

One in 7 people still lacks electricity, and most of them live in rural areas of the developing world.

60%

Energy is the main contributor to climate change, it produces around 60 percent of greenhouse gases.

14%

More efficient energy standards could reduce building and industry electricity consumption by 14 percent.

3 billion

More than 40 percent of the world’s population—3 billion—rely on polluting and unhealthy fuels for cooking.

20%

As of 2015, more than 20 percent of power was generated through renewable sources.

10.3 million

The renewable energy sector employed a record 10.3 million people in 2017.

  • By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

  • By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

  • By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

  • By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

  • By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support
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Goals in action
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Turning up Afghanistan's solar power capacity

Solar mini-grids to provide cheap and reliable electricity.

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Em[powered] island communities lead energy innovation

In many island countries, only a small percentage of electricity comes from renewable sources. A look at three nations that are changing that.

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Powering change in Vanuatu

A tiny South Pacific island gets a new lease on life with solar energy.

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Five plans for carbon neutrality

A look at those taking the lead in setting bold goals to curb climate change.

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Our top stories from 2018

From innovation, to AI, to plain old repurposing, UNDP in 2018 showcased the many ways in which we're leading the charge towards a sustainable future.

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SDG 7

Inspiring a clean power revolution

When energy initiatives do more than keep the lights on.

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Tools of the trade

At UNDP, innovation goes beyond gadgets and gizmos. Here are some ways we’re putting cutting-edge technology and inspiring future thinking to work for…

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